Report 51, written by Letizia Caito while she was a Resident Fellow at ESPI, deals with a critical issue for the European space effort, namely how to get to technological non-dependence. The report describes the history of the European efforts in this domain, the current state-of-play, and what needs to be done to secure the future.

Report 51 is thematically linked to the ESPI book ‘European Autonomy in Space’ and gives a sweeping overview of the non-dependence topic, its importance and the implication for European decision making on technology development. It stresses the importance of a holistic approach covering both civilian and military space needs.



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