With the historic success of its Chang’e-4 lunar mission, China opened a new chapter in lunar exploration and sent a clear declaration of intent about its long-term ambition to send astronauts back to the Moon. European countries, which will gather this year to agree on ESA’s future programmes, now need to carefully reflect on the consequences of Chinese lunar plans and define what role they want to play in the post-ISS space exploration context.  
This ESPI Brief sheds outlines the possible implications brought by China’s expanding ambitions in the field human spaceflight and discusses European preparedness to cope with such implications.



ESPI - European Space Policy Institute

Schwarzenbergplatz 6

A-1030 Vienna

(Entrance: Zaunergasse 1)

Phone +43 1 718 11 18 -0

Fax +43 1 718 11 18 -99

E-Mail: office@espi.or.at


We use cookies to maintain login sessions, collect analysis data and to improve your experience on this website. By browsing our website, you agree to our use of cookies! Learn more about our Privacy Policy and our Disclaimer.

OK, I understand